Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is based on the theory that our Thoughts, Emotions, and Behaviors all impact each other.
During therapy, the client learns how to identify distorted thinking patterns. The client then learns the connection between distorted thinking and her emotions and behaviors. By making changes to distorted thinking, the client experiences changes in feelings.
A CBT therapist teaches clients techniques to make theses changes. Cognitive restructuring is a key technique of CBT therapy. Dr. Aaron Beck, the founder of Cognitive Therapy, talks about cognitive restructuring techniques.